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Education & Modern Work
New work concepts, digitalized workplaces, changing expectations of employees: The world of work is undergoing rapid change, placing high demands on politics, society and companies. But what does this mean in concrete terms? How can companies and educational institutions prepare for the change in order to take advantage of the transformation?

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Aus unseren Inhalten

Aus unseren Inhalten
Our offer for industry-relevant competence development

Our learning offers promote the individual technical professionalization as well as the development of new competences - with a view to the current and future requirements in the companies.

Still too few female engineers in mechanical and plant engineering

Change is needed in various areas of education and working life to attract more women to technical professions. The latest study by the VDMA's Impuls Foundation investigates exactly what is needed. For the first time, the study focuses on the link between studies, career entry and the first years of employment for female engineers.

Mechanical and plant engineering industry fights together for young talent

The shortage of young talent in technical professions is one of the top challenges facing our industry. This is why the VDMA is launching a new campaign for more young technical talent.

You don't talk about salary? We do.

The VDMA Salary Study is ready! As planned, the printed results report will be available at the end of March, so we will be sending it out to study participants in the first week of April. Non-participants can order from the store from the beginning of April.

Salaries in mechanical and plant engineering

Salaries continue to play a central role in personnel development - the new VDMA Salary Study 2023/2024 presents salaries in 160 positions tailored to the mechanical engineering sector.

Innovation culture

Which leadership behavior promotes the culture of innovation in a company the most? Which cultural elements play which role in the company?

New approaches to recruiting young talent

The shortage of skilled workers, increasing innovative strength and passing on know-how and tradition are just some of the reasons why new approaches to recruiting young trainees are necessary.

Recruiting female engineers for mechanical and plant engineering

On the occasion of a qualitative study on female engineers in mechanical and plant engineering conducted by RWTH Aachen University on behalf of the IMPULS Foundation in 2023, the participants exchanged views in an interactive workshop on June 3, 2024.

Improper certificates of incapacity for work in circulation

Recently, an increasing number of incorrect certificates of incapacity for work have been appearing. The Confederation of German Employers' Associations (BDA) has sent out a circular on this subject.

"The traffic light for the labor market is yellow"

Employment figures are stagnating, while at the same time there is a persistent shortage of skilled workers. Therefore, reforms to stimulate the economy must be implemented urgently.

"Economic turnaround and contribution increases don't go together"

Significant burdens for future generations. That is the result of the German government's Pension Package II. Moreover, contribution increases and economic turnaround do not go together. There are other options here.

THINK BIG! - Live at bauma 2025

The 34th bauma, the world's leading trade fair for construction machinery, building material machines, mining machines, construction vehicles and construction equipment, will take place in Munich from the 7th of April to the 13th, 2025.

Strike statistics: Significant increase in conflict intensity

The Federal Employment Agency (BA) has published its strike statistics for 2023. Compared to the previous year, the number of working days lost has more than doubled. The number of affected companies more than tripled.

Flood events: Receipt of short-time allowance

The floods in Germany have already caused considerable damage in some federal states - particularly in Saarland and Rhineland-Palatinate - and many companies have experienced restrictions.

Labour shortage is costing turnover - every second company affected

Only two out of three companies in the mechanical engineering sector are currently able to fill the majority of their vacancies for skilled workers. The labor shortage is now also costing them sales.

New garnishment exemption limits from July 01, 2024

On May 16, 2024, the 2024 garnishment exemption limits pursuant to Section 850c ZPO were published in the Federal Law Gazette.

Digital employer branding

Together with Christian Seifert from avenit, 26 experts discussed trends in digital employer branding on April 12, 2024. A workshop on "Employer Branding with Artificial Intelligence" gave the participants new impetus.

"There is a lack of political will to strengthen vocational training"

Many apprenticeships in mechanical engineering remain unfilled because there are too few young people. There is also a lack of clear political will to strengthen vocational training again.

Development of working hours in 2023 - forecasts for 2024

In its summary report (06/2024), the Institute for Employment Research (IAB) has published updated figures on the development of working hours in 2023 as well as forecasts for 2024.

Current developments in labor law and labor market policy

The effects of recent labor market policy decisions and current case law in labor law on operational practice in NRW mechanical and plant engineering.

"It's not a success if we work less"

Working fewer hours sounds good, but it places a considerable burden on Germany as a business location and on social security funds. If Germany wants to make economic progress, people will have to work more and for longer.

New Work and Innovation event series

Overview of events on innovation

Absence management, digital core competencies, job profiles of the future

Sickness-related absences reached a new high in 2022. What are the causes? What solutions and preventive measures are there?

Getting young people excited about technology together

There's something going on! Getting young people excited about technologies and careers in mechanical and plant engineering is what the new VDMA Talent Machine campaign is all about.

come together at WITTENSTEIN SE

Apprentices and students start their time at WITTENSTEIN with a week full of exciting experiences. Mr. Ismail Idali-Yahya, apprentice for metal technology, reports on his first days.

Meet the Expert - Focus on digitalization

Meet the digitization experts at the VDMA Software and Digitization stand to exchange experiences.

Still many vacancies for engineers

In the last two years, the bottlenecks on the labor market for engineers have become much more acute. Never before has the mechanical engineering sector been looking for so many employees, and never before have there been so many vacancies for engineers.

"Taxes for top performers must come down"

The FDP is basically addressing the right issues with its labor market and tax policy considerations. Tax relief to incentivize work would be welcome. However, for all skilled workers and not narrowed down to individual groups.

USA: Earnings as an interactive report

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics provides comprehensive employment and wage statistics. In our interactive report, we clearly present data by industry, occupational group and location.

Asymptomatic corona infection can be an illness

A symptomless coronavirus infection can also be an illness within the meaning of the Continued Remuneration Act.

Facts and figures: Research and innovation

In our theme publication you will find facts and figures on research and development, innovations and patents in machinery and equipment manufacturing.

Facts and figures: Education and workforce in machinery and equipment manufacturing

In our theme publications, you will find facts, figures and data related to vocational training, engineering courses, skilled workers, mechanical engineers and women in machinery and equipment manufacturing.

The challenge of securing skilled labor

Even if the shortage of skilled workers has recently eased somewhat, securing skilled workers remains a key challenge. Find out about the current situation in the various occupational fields here.

Apprenticeship at a glance

How many apprenticeship positions are available in machinery and equipment manufacturing this year? How many applicants are there? How have supply and demand for the most important professions developed in recent years? Get all the information at a glance here.

Evidence Act: Text form is coming after all!

Following a coalition agreement on the planned amendment to the Verification Act, text form in accordance with Section 126b BGB will be possible in future. The VDMA had campaigned vehemently for this simplification.

Cannabis legalization: Effects on the employment relationship

On 22.03.2024, the Federal Council approved the Bundestag's resolution on the Act on the Controlled Use of Cannabis and the Amendment of Other Regulations (Cannabis Act - CanG).

Recruitment in service and sales

Qualified, ready to work and willing to travel - these are the qualities that desired personnel for service and sales need to have. On the other hand, there are absences lasting several days, low predictability and short-term assignments.

Investments in Germany: Analysis of the slump

Investment in Germany is stagnating: Labor costs, shortage of skilled workers and bureaucracy are weighing on the economy. Find out the causes and possible solutions in the latest study by IW and VDMA.

Recruiting female engineers in mechanical and plant engineering

STEM professions are still predominantly male-dominated. In this virtual workshop, companies discussed specific measures to attract more women to engineering positions.

We update the VDMA salary study!

The VDMA salary survey provides a detailed overview of the status quo regarding the salaries of a good 160 typical positions in our industry.

Even at Easter - don't hide any information

Hiding and searching for colorful eggs and chocolate at Easter is great fun for young and old. But when important information is hard to find, the fun in the company stops. A good flow of information is what counts.

"A flexible working time law brings a lot and costs nothing"

Commenting on today's plenary debate on the CDU/CSU motion to make working hours more flexible, VDMA Managing Director Thilo Brodtmann said:

Salary repayment due to reduced performance in home office?

The burden of proof for a breach of the obligation to work from home lies with the employer.

Working Hours Act: New edition of the focus Recht brochure available

The focus Recht brochure "The Working Hours Act (ArbZG) at a glance" has been updated and is now available in a new edition.

Successful kick-off event on the topic of skills shortage

Recruiting young talent in mechanical engineering - how do you successfully recruit young talent? with the electronics company Weidmüller Interface GmbH & Co. KG.

"The structural problems will not be solved"

Pension insurance needs the planned generational capital, but the Federal Government is not taking the decisive steps: The existing incentives for early retirement must finally be reversed.

Second stage of the Skilled Immigration Act comes into force

The reformed Skilled Immigration Act was passed last year. The first part, facilitations for the Blue Card, came into force in November 2023. The second stage was reached on March 1, 2024.

"Location conditions are to blame for the shortage of skilled workers"

The statement by Fahimi, Chairwoman of the German Trade Union Confederation, is not correct. After all, it is not the working conditions that are causing the shortage of skilled workers. It is the location conditions.

Foreign assignments: Which employment law applies?

From a legal perspective, working abroad constitutes a so-called cross-border situation, which leads to a collision of different legal systems.

"Major adjustments must now be made"

Germany cannot afford a prolonged period of weak investment and growth. It now needs a major economic policy overhaul that will generate long-term confidence and thus new investment across the board.

Our expert and focus topics

Our expert and focus topics
Female engineers
Mechanical and plant engineering opens up individual career paths and a wide range of opportunities for female engineers. The occupational field is characterized by innovation, sustainability and an exciting working environment. Women engineers can shape the future.
Mechanical engineering specialists
Shortage of skilled workers in mechanical and plant engineering. Learn all about challenges, solutions, trends and best practices to overcome the shortage of skilled workers.
Youth recruitment & school
In order to attract those leaving school to work in the mechanical engineering sector, traditional measures no longer suffice in many places. In the future, those who want to combat the shortage of specialist staff will resort to a clever combination of cooperative school programs along with traditional offline and online measures. On this page you will find useful information, ideas, studies and downloads on this topic. You can also find out here how you as a member can benefit from VDMA offers.
Engineering education for the mechanical engineering sector
For many employees, working in a home office is a completely new situation that has caught them very unprepared due to the pandemic. This raises a host of practical and legal issues.
Made ING Germany
Digitization is the buzzword of today. Innovation has been a hot topic for a long time, and Industrie 4.0 is accepted as a standard. In order to breathe life into these concepts, clever minds and adequate training concepts are needed.
Securing skilled workers
Almost 60 percent of employees in the mechanical and plant engineering sector are skilled workers. Alongside engineers, they shape the role of mechanical and plant engineering as a decisive enabler for green technologies.
Skilled Workers for Africa
Africa is a continent of opportunities. In order to take advantage of them, qualified local specialists are particularly in demand. They are the engine for the development and diversification of the economy.
Organization and Culture
Both organisation and culture are what make up the company "inside". Both have far-reaching effects on the outside, on customers and their needs and on other external partners. Thus, both are a question of successful cooperation inside and outside.
Culture of innovation
Increasing the ability to innovate in times of digitalization and "VUCA" has been in the spotlight of companies in our industry for several years. Especially following a crisis, it is crucial to be ready and prepared with the right business models as well as suitable systems and structures, and to break away from old habits. The culture of innovation is an important basis and prerequisite for all efforts. If you want hard successes, you should start soft.
Home Office
For many employees, working in a home office is a completely new situation that has caught them very unprepared due to the pandemic. This raises a host of practical and legal issues.
Personnel Marketing & Recruitment
The shortage of skilled workers has arrived in the present. The labour market has turned and companies are receiving a decreasing number of applications. Demography, digitalisation, democratisation and decentralisation pose major challenges for the economy. Personnel recruitment must now take new paths.
Labor law
Whether it be short-time work, service contracts, working shifts or home office, the parameters for modern work and flexible crisis measures are changing continuously.
Labor Market
Competitiveness, growth and job security require adaptability, value creation based on the division of labour and a flexible labour market. Digitalisation requires modern framework conditions for Work 4.0.
Technological Sovereignty
Technological sovereignty as a goal is gaining importance regarding the changed geopolitical situation. International division of labor and global trade are our drivers of prosperity and are existential, especially for the mechanical engineering sector.

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To the point

To the point

Auf den Punkt Zitat Education & Modern Work

"The term 'agility' opens up a whole world that is worth discovering for teams and companies."

Judith Armbruster, Project Manager & Agile Coach

Auf den Punkt Zahl Education & Modern Work


billion euros

was spent on research and development in the mechanical engineering sector in 2022.

Source: survey Stifterverband

Auf den Punkt Zusammenfassung Bildung & modernes Arbeiten

What are agile methods and approaches useful for?
  • Agile methods are designed for complex tasks with changing conditions.
  • Agility should specifically target concrete problems and not be an end in itself.
  • Understanding of agile competencies: Perception, Decision, Implementation.
  • Agile methods require a new leadership understanding, more team self-responsibility.
  • Introduction of agile structures, such as Scrum, changes the leadership structure with product and process decision-makers alongside the existing hierarchy.



Thu. 10.10.24 Fri. 11.10.24


  • Management

Every four years, the VDMA invites its member companies to the big general assembly – this year under the motto "Unique."

Every four years, the VDMA invites its member companies to the big general assembly – this year under the motto "Unique."

Unsere Leistungen

Unsere Leistungen
Working Group HR
The central working HR group takes up current topics in HR work and makes them transferable for the practice of our members.


VDMA salary study
How much do development engineers and IT specialists earn in a medium-sized company? The VDMA salary study clarifies the situation and provides indications for company-specific salary benchmarking.
Fit for the future - advanced training courses at the Institute for Mechanical Engineering
Being the VDMA's training academy, we support you in developing new competencies. Contact us - we will gladly advise you!
Personal consultation on all aspects of labor law
The VDMA Legal Department provides its members with a continually updated overview of the decisions and legal developments relevant to businesses and HR managers.
Guide to action for recruiting young talent
Companies today need to recruit young apprentices at an early stage. The new VDMA "Handlungsleitfaden Nachwuchswerbung" (Guide to action for recruiting young talent) demonstrates how this is possible.
Studies & Surveys
The VDMA regularly publishes studies and surveys on engineering studies and derives suitable positions and statements from them.
Talent machine - the young talent portal for the mechanical engineering industry
Portal with news, info, internship job exchange and Best Practices for educational and personnel managers
Our services for members, universities & the media
VDMA maintains a diverse range of services and advice for its member companies, but also for universities and media representatives in the field of science policy and engineering studies. Here is an overview of our services for these three groups.


Facts and figures: Education and workforce in mechanical engineering
In our theme publications, you will find facts, figures and data related to vocational training, engineering courses, skilled workers, mechanical engineers and women in mechanical engineering.
Fit for the future - advanced training courses at the Institute for Mechanical Engineering
Being the VDMA's training academy, we support you in developing new competencies. Contact us - we will gladly advise you!



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Benefits for you as a member

Largest industry network in Europe

3,600 primarily medium-sized member companies in the capital goods industry make the VDMA the largest industrial association in Europe and the most important network organization in the industry.

Strong representation of interests

The VDMA is the most important voice of the machinery and equipment manufacturing industry. It represents the common economic, technical and scientific interests of the industry in Germany and around the world.

A wide range of services

More than 500 VDMA employees worldwide support you with practical services to make the right decisions in your company - along the entire value chain.